Football || everything You need to know || Short Notes

FootBall is also known as Soccer is a team sport of and is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making i...

Euro 2012 Sports Football Wallpaper Wallpaper

FootBall is also known as Soccer is a team sport of and is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport.
  • Origin - England in 1863
  • First FC (world )- Sheffield FC ,
                   (India ) - Calcutta FC
  • * Extra time is added in proportion to the delays, These delays may be due to injuries, time lost through substitutions, general time wasting etc. 
  • # an interval is about 15 minutes long
  • Governing Body -  Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) , HQ at Zurich Switzerland 
  • Players - 11 per Side - (10 + 1GoalKeeper)
  • Duration - 45 + interval  +45 + extra time* minutes

REFEREE

  • There are 4 referees
  • Centre referee - has sole authority
  • Two assistant referees - who officiate from the touchline may advise him, particularly on issues of offsides and whether the ball has left the pitch, or draw his attention to infringements that he may have missed. 
  • The fourth referee -Controls substitutions and keeps track of the games goals, bookings and ejections

DIMENSIONS




  • The field size is directly proportional in the league and international matches. 
  • Longer sides - touch lines, Shorter sides - goal lines. 
  • Fields are divided into two halves with each team defending their own goal. 
  • Adjacent to the goal lines is the 18-yard and 6-yard boxes also known as the penalty area.



Image result for soccer ball dimensions size 5

  • The ball used is spherical,
  • 27-28cm in circumference
  • 14-16 oz (410-450g) mass. 
  • Each professional league around the world uses its own specific ball.
  • Every World Cup offers a new and unique ball reflecting the host country's culture.

                             Image result for dimension of football goal post

  • An attempt on goal is referred to as a "shot". 
  • To score a goal, the ball must pass completely over the goal line between the goal posts and under the crossbar and no rules may be violated on the play 
  • The goal structure is defined as a frame 24 feet (7.32 m) wide by 8 feet (2.44 m) tall. 
  • The Laws of the Game do not mandate the use of a net and only require that any net used not interfere with the goalkeeper.
  • A game can end more then 7-0 without knockout

PLAYERS

There are four classes in which the 11 players are divided:-

  • Goalkeepers: He/She has to try and stop the other team from scoring, The goalkeeper is the only player who can touch the ball with his/her hands.
  • Defenders: They try and stop the other team from scoring by protecting their goal.
  • Midfielders: They are the players in between the defenders and strikers. 
  • Strikers (forwards or attackers): They try to score goals.

FORMATIONS

442Image result for 451 formation433

The three most commonly used formations today are 
(Defenders, Midfielders, Forwards)
  • 4-5-1-  4-5-1 is a formation that relies heavily on its midfield to dictate and win the game
  • 4-3-3 - The 4-3-3 formation is extremely offensive and relies heavily on passing.
  • 4-4-2 The 4-4-2 is widely used as a counter-attacking and more direct style of play.
              It is a very balanced formation and players are spread out well across the field.
  • Other less commonly used formations are the 3-6-1, 4-2-4, and the 3-5-2. Changes

CONFEDERATIONS 


  1.   Asian Football Confederation (AFC)
  2.   Confédération Africaine de Football (CAF)
  3.   Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF)
  4.   Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL)
  5.   Oceania Football Confederation (OFC)
  6.   Union of European Football Associations (UEFA)

Football Competitions 

Worldwide

FIFA World Cup(M/F)
  1. Founded 1930; 88 years ago
  2. Number of teams 32 (finals)
  3. 211 (eligible to enter qualification)
  4. Current champions Germany (4th title)
  5. Most successful team(s) Brazil (5 titles)
    2014 - Germany (1-0) Argentina  - in Brazil
    2018 - - in Russia
    2022- - in Qatar 
FIFA Confederations Cup
    FIFA Confederations Cup.png
  1. Founded 1992; 26 years ago
  2. Region International (FIFA)
  3. Number of teams 8 (from 6 confederations)
  4. Current champions Germany (1st title)
  5. Most successful team(s) Brazil (4 titles)
    2017  - Germany 1–0 Chile - in Russia
  • Summer Olympic Games
  • Summer Universiade

  • UEFA

UEFA

 (Union of European Football Associations) is the division where Europe's teams are placed. The most famous teams are especially from this region including Germany, Italy, England ,France, Spain and Netherlands. 

La Liga

Spanish La Liga is the second most-watched league because of its reputation among other leagues by including many great legends and current players.

Serie A

The Italians do have a number of excellent teams and star players. These are some "Calcio" kings, "Calcio = Italian football" for here.

  • AFC

The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of association football in Asia and Australia. It has 47 member countries, mostly located on the Asian and Australian continent, but excludes the transcontinental countries with territory in both Europe and Asia

Indian Super League

The league currently features ten teams from around India. The teams play in a single table during the regular season and each team will play each other twice, once at home and once away from home, to complete a Eighteen game season. The Indian Super League champion qualify for the AFC Cup play-off spot.


Popular Teams and Players




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thRadical :Short notes for Competitive exams: Football || everything You need to know || Short Notes
Football || everything You need to know || Short Notes
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