What is AFSPA - History , Pro's & Con's

 
What is AFSPA
•The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act was reenacted in 1958 to bring under control what the government of India considered ‘disturbed’ areas.
•First Launched in 1947 by Britsh in India
•Disturbed area is an area disturbed by Race, religion, language, community
•Once declared ‘disturbed’, the region has to maintain status quo for a minimum of three months, according to The Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1976.
•Army assists police when they fail to sort out the matter, hence it's not martial law (where army takes over)

POWERS
The Act gives special powers to army and state and central police forces to shoot to kill,
search houses and destroy any property used by insurgents in disturbed areas.
•It also provides army personnel with safeguards against malicious, vindictive and frivolous prosecution.
No FIR is required to be lodged by the Army for any actions

 the AFSA has been enforced in 6 states till date viz.
  •  Jammu and Kashmir. 
  • Meghalaya
  • Manipur
  • Assam,
  • Nagaland,
  • Arunachal Pradesh
PRO's
•it's a quick Fix but not helpful at a long run
•The army is trained for Borders and external aggression, if they are called for help in internal issues they have to be secured with the law.
•It ensures the safety of the common people, who have to live under the fear of lawlessness in the area.
•Able to tackle the situation and assist police forces.

CON'S
•It is considered inhumane to have people forced to live in curfew-like conditions for their entire lives.
•The act curbs the secular freedom of many people as they have to face suspicion and discrimination on the basis of their religions.
•There have been several cases of human rights violations such as rapes and encounters, during the enforcement of the Law.

Irom Sharmila
•An activist who aims to Repeal AFSPA from Manipur began her fast in Malom Vowed not to eat, drink, comb her hair or look in a mirror until AFSPA was repealed when she began her fast in 2000
•Was arrested after 3 days in the case of "Attempt to commit suicide", 
•she was kept alive with forced nasogastric intubation.
•On 26 July 2016, She ended her fast and announced that she would contest state elections in Manipur

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thRadical: What is AFSPA - History , Pro's & Con's
What is AFSPA - History , Pro's & Con's
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