Gaganyaan 2022 || ISRO's first manned space program



ISRO is planning to put human into space for the first time in its history, the stir came after the Independence day speech by PM Modi, where he set up the deadline of this mission by 2022.
“I make this announcement today, before 2022, an Indian astronaut – son or daughter – will be in space. One of us will carry the tricolour to the space to commemorate the 75th year of India’s Independence.” - PM Modi(I-Day speech) 
  • ISRO chairman K. Sivan gave a nod that this deadline is highly doable by 2022, as ISRO was preparing for this mission from about 10years.
  • The Crew escape system tested successfully last month was a part of Gaganyaan 2022 preparation
  • The program is supposedly completely  under "Make in India" initiative 
  • Till now only 3  countries had their own manned space missions USA, Russia and China,
  • The mission is planned as, the 3.7-tonne capsule will orbit the Earth at an altitude of 400 km (250mi) for up to 7 days, with a 3-person crew on board.
  • VR Lalithambika, is head of HSF(Human space flight) Project
  • India will use it's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III).
Implications 
  • ISRO had no past experience, and 2022 seems to be a little hurry
  • The technology required to train astronauts at 0 gravity is not in India, so the first batch will be trained in Russia or USA
  • High risk factor , as sustaining a being in space is required
  • Budget allocation required by ISRO was 17500 Cr. but only 9000 Cr. was approved
GSLV Mark -III
  • GSLV Mk III is a three-stage heavy lift launch vehicle developed by ISRO.
  •  The vehicle has two solid strap-ons, a core liquid booster and a cryogenic upper stage.
  • GSLV Mk III will be capable of placing the 4 tonne class satellites of the GSAT series into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbits.
  • The C25 is powered by CE-20, India's largest cryogenic engine, designed and developed by the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre.
  • The L110 liquid stage is powered by two Vikas engines designed and developed at the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre.

Indian's in Space
  • Rakesh Sharma, a former IAF pilot, was the first Indian to travel to space. Sharma was a part of Soviet Union’s Soyuz T-11 expedition, launched on April 2, 1984, as part of the Inter cosmos programme.
  • Kalpana Chawla Chawla was one of the seven crew members who perished in the space shuttle Columbia’s disaster during its re-entry to the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • Sunita Williams are among the known names to have gone to the space.

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thRadical: Gaganyaan 2022 || ISRO's first manned space program
Gaganyaan 2022 || ISRO's first manned space program
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