All you need to know about the Indian Missile arsenal

This article serves the purpose to showcase the Indian missile arsenal, With the short notes on each of their features including range, propulsion system, guidance system, Operational and inDev missiles.

Important terms 

Ballistic Missiles- follows a ballistic trajectory to deliver one or more warheads on a predetermined target. guided during relatively brief periods of flight, most of their trajectory is unpowered, being governed by gravity and air resistance if in the atmosphere.

Cruise Missiles -A guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remain in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.

supersonic Missiles- involving or denoting a speed greater than that of sound.
src- CSIS

Indian Origin


  • SRBM (Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM))
  • RANGE- 700-1,200 km
  • inertial navigation system
  • Propulsion: Single-stage solid propellant
  • maximum payload of 2,000 kg,
  • 20 or 45 kT nuclear warhead, 
  • conventional explosives
  • Basing: Road/rail-mobile

AGNI-2  (OP)

  • MRBM: Medium Range Ballistic Missile
  • Range: 2,000-3,500 km
  • inertial navigation system
  • Propulsion: Two-stage solid propellant
  • Payload: Single warhead, 1,000 kg
  • Warhead: Nuclear 150 kt or 200kt, HE
  • Basing: Road/rail-mobile


  • Class: Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM)
  • Range: 3,000-5,000 km
  • inertial navigation system
  • Propulsion: 2-stage solid propellant
  • Warhead: Nuclear fusion 200-300 kT; possible MIRV version
  • Basing: Rail-mobile, possible road-based TEL


  • Class: Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM)
  • Range: 3,500-4,000 km


  • Class: Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)
  • Range: 5,000-8,000 km
  • Propulsion: Three-stage solid propellant
Read about AGNI V in-depth article - Click Here

BrahMos (PJ-10)

  • Originated from: Russia and India, a joint venture of1998
  • Name derived from- Brahmaputra and Moscow rivers 
  • Class: Supersonic Cruise Missile
  • Propulsion: Liquid-fueled ramjet
  • Range: 300-500 km
  • Basing: Ground-launched, Air-launched, Sub-launched, Ship-launched
  • Warhead: HE, submunitions
  • inertial navigation system
  • supersonic speed - Mach 2.0-2.8,

 Read about Brahmos in-depth article -   Click Here


  • Origin- India
  • Class: Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)
  • Basing: Ship-launched
  • Payload: Single warhead, 500-1000 kg
  • Warhead: Nuclear, HE, submunitions, FAE, or chemical
  • Propulsion: Single-stage liquid propellant
  • Range: 250-400 km

  • Origin: France
  • Class: Anti-ship Cruise Missile (ASCM)
  • Basing: Sea/Air/Ground/Submarine
  • Warhead: 165 kg HE fragmentation or semi-armour piercing
  • Propulsion: Solid fueled 
  • Range: 40-180 km


  •  India’s first indigenously produced cruise missile
  • Origin: India
  • Class: Subsonic Cruise Missile
  • Warhead: HE, submunitions, 12 kT nuclear potentially
  • Propulsion: Turbojet
  • Range: 800-1,000 km


  • Origin: India
  • Class: Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)
  • Basing: Road-mobile
  • Warhead: Nuclear, HE, submunitions
  • Propulsion: Single-stage solid propellant
  • Range: 150 km


Prithvi 2
  • Origin: India
  • Alternate names: P-1, P-2, P-3
  • Class: Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)
  • Basing: Ground-launched
Prithvi I (SS-150) 
 Army version
 (150 km (93 mi) range with a payload of 1,000 kg (2,200 lb))

Prithvi II (SS-250) 
 Air Force version 
(350 km (220 mi) range with a payload of 500 kg (1,100 lb))

Prithvi III (SS-350) 
Naval version 
(350 km (220 mi) range with a payload of 1,000 kg (2,200 lb))


sagarika shaurya
  • Origin: India
  • Class: Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)/Medium-Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM)
  • Basing: sub-launched
  • Propulsion: Two-stage solid propellant
  • Range: 700-750 km (Sagarika),
  •  3,000-3,500 km (Shaurya)
  • Inertial Navigation System 



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The Radical: All you need to know about the Indian Missile arsenal
All you need to know about the Indian Missile arsenal
The Radical
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