What are the Flagship Schemes of Government of India? || Everything You Need To Know

The word flagship means the best or most important thing owned or produced by a particular organization. Similarly, flagship schemes launched by the government are those schemes which are the main or most important and address major national concerns on health, education, environment, irrigation, urban and rural development, employment and other sectors. As the schemes are of utmost importance, the funding of these schemes is slightly higher than other schemes.
These schemes are declared by the Union Cabinet or the Development Evaluation Advisory Committee (DEAC) of Planning Commission. The DEAC can modify the flagship schemes from time to time. The ultimate objective of these schemes is to achieve broad-based improvement in the living standards of our people and to ensure that growth is widely spread.
In this article, we are going to have a look at 10 of the most important Flagship Schemes of our Government and their features.

1. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (2015)

  • (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. 
  • Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). 
  • Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.

2. Digital India Programme (2015)

  • Digital India is basically a programme to transform India into a digitally empowered country.
  • Launched on July 1, 2015, it has three components – (a) development of secure and stable digital infrastructure (b) delivering government services digitally and (c) universal digital literacy.
  • Through this project, the emphasis is given on digital literacy and availability of digital resources to Indian citizens. 
  • The programme benefits all the states and union territories of India and has been envisaged by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY).

3. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (2015)

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao is a programme of the Government of India which aims at preventing female foeticide and generating awareness for the same. 
  • The scheme also aims at improving the efficiency of welfare services intended for girls. 
  • Other objectives of the scheme include preventing gender-biased sex-selective elimination, celebrating the girl child and enabling her education, ensuring education and participation of the girl child.

4. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (2014)

  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana is a welfare scheme of the government which is run by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance. 
  • Under this scheme, nearly 1.5 crore bank accounts were opened on the day of inauguration.
  • The achievement was also recognised by the Guinness Book of World Records. 
  • Launched in August 2014, the aim of this scheme is to make affordable access to financial services including bank accounts, remittances, credit, insurance, and pensions.

5. Swacch Bharat Abhiyan (2014)

  • Swacch Bharat Abhiyan, officially launched on October 2, 2014 and it operates under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. 
  • The scheme is run by the Government of India with an aim to achieve universal sanitation coverage. 
  • Swacch Bharat is the most significant cleanliness campaign of the Government of India. 
  • The mission aims to achieving a clean and green India by October 2019 as a fitting tribute to the Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, on his 150th birth anniversary.

6. National Rural Drinking Water Programme (2009)

  • Earlier this programme was called Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (AWRSP) and was implemented in 1972-73.
  • The AWRSP was modified as NRDWP in 2009-10.
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme aimed at providing every person in rural India with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis. Safe water is to be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situations and therefore, the scheme focuses on the creation of the infrastructure.

7. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (2005)

  • The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) was launched in 2005.
  • The objective of the NREGP is to enhance the livelihood security of the people in the rural area by guaranteeing 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to a rural household whose members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
  • Starting with 200 districts across the country in phase-1 during 2005-06. NREGA was extended to additional 130 districts in phase-2 during 2007-08. Under phase-3 remaining 285 districts of the country were covered under NREGA.
  • On October 2nd, 2009 Government of India renamed it as “Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act” (MGNREGA).

8. National Rural Health Mission (2005)

  • The main aim of National Rural Health Mission – NRHM (2005-12) is to provide accessible, affordable, accountable, effective and reliable primary health care, especially to poor and vulnerable sections of the population.
  • NRHM gives a special focus on 18 states, which have weak public health indicators and weak infrastructure. Those 18 states are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, Orissa, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
  • NRHM seeks to revitalize local health traditions and mainstream AYUSH into the public health system.

9. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (2001)

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is the principal program for universalization of elementary education.
  • SSA aims to provide useful and relevant elementary education for all children in the age group of 6-14 years by 2010.

10. Mid-day Meal Scheme (1995)

  • Mid-day Meal (MDM) was launched in 1995 and aims to give a boost to the universalization of primary education by increasing enrollment, retention and attendance and simultaneously impacting upon nutritional status of students in primary classes.
  • MDM scheme was revised in June 2006, provides for 450 calories, 12 gm of protein and adequate quantities of micronutrients such as iron, folic acid and vitamin A to children. The cooking cost has been enhanced to Rs. 2.00 per child per school day.
  • This is the largest feeding programme in the world.

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The Radical: What are the Flagship Schemes of Government of India? || Everything You Need To Know
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